The youth guarantee: a real opportunity for Italian neets?
(S. Duranti, E. Cappellini, V. Patacchini e N. Sciclone)
The European Youth Guarantee is a program aimed at ensuring that NEET individuals under the age of thirty, i.e. individuals with no education, employment, or training, become reactivate within a period of four months after becoming unemployed or leaving formal education. With this objective in mind, the program guarantees that NEET individuals receive a good-quality offer of employment, education, training or internship, in order to exit the NEET condition. This Program has been carried out in Italy since April 2014 and its management is in charge of the Regions.
Participation in the program consists of different steps. Initially, young people must register online to show their interest in the Youth Guarantee. Secondly, they receive an appointment at the Public Employment Service office (PES) where they are interviewed and formally registered in the program, effectively becoming participants. Finally, a limited number of NEET participants are given access to employment programs, e.g. internships, vocational training, employment support programs and community service.
The aim of this paper is to provide an impact evaluation in order to evaluate the effects of participation in the Youth Guarantee program in Tuscany. To do so, we examine three different groups of people: those individuals who register online but do not go to the PES office, those individuals who register but do not gain access to any employment programs and those individuals participating in employment programs. We contrast the employment outcomes of these groups through statistical matching, i.e. by comparing people with similar personal characteristics and employment careers.
The effects of the program are evaluated on employment and educational outcomes. With regard to employment outcomes, we use the Compulsory Communications System of administrative data on employment dynamics which records all of the registrations, transformations, fixed-term extensions and anticipated terminations of employment relationships between every worker and every employer since the beginning of 2008. Subsequently, we are able to verify the employment status of young people six, twelve, and eighteen months after the start of the program. With regard to educational outcomes, we restrict our attention to a subgroup of NEET’s, i.e. those individuals leaving school before the completion of secondary school, in order to verify whether the program has helped them reenter the educational or vocational training system.