19. The Future of the ‘Bismarckian’ Social Insurance: Consequences of Structural Reform
Palier Bruno (Sciences Po., FR)
Dualisation of welfare, economic strategy and dualisation of societies
Mätzke Margitta (University of Goettingen, DE)
The Politics of Exclusion and the Politics of Exemptions in the German Social Insurance System
Reimat Anne (University of Reims, FR)
The dynamics of four social insurance based Welfare European countries 1999-2009
Beraud Mathieu ( University of Nancy, FR), Eydoux Anne (Rennes 2 University, FR)
French recent reforms of activation policies and employment services: a new path to reconciling social solidarity with economic efficiency for a new welfare state ?
Agostini Chiara (University of Rome "La Sapienza", IT)
Toward Social Services. Change in the Bismarckian Welfare Model in Italy
Welfare state research has for almost two decades been dominated by the ‘three worlds of welfare’ paradigm. The rather static typology distinguished two progressive (liberal, social democratic) and one conservative type of welfare states. Recent comparative research has found, however, that the reforms since the 1990s have considerably changed the institutional architecture of the Bismarckian welfare states and social insurance systems. Notable researchers do claim that a process of ‘dualisation’ excludes a growing share of citizens from the coverage of traditional schemes of social protection.
While the social insurance model has turned out to be much more alterable than historical institutionalists had predicted, the actual outcomes of these changes are still under evaluation. The stream invites papers that go beyond institutional analysis addressing the outcomes of change in social insurance systems from a comparative perspective. What are the effects of these reforms, e.g. in terms of access, equity, economic growth and financial sustainability of the systems? What are appropriate concepts, indicators and measures in order to evaluate societal and economic outcomes of the ongoing changes in social insurance systems? We welcome papers looking at conceptual and methodological questions, policy specific problems as well as cross-sectional questions (e.g. financing, quality of service provision, gender equality).